Sunday, June 20, 2021
 


Warhol Foundation petitions for en banc

I.e.- for the entire 2nd Circuit to reconsider their fair use argument.

Question: why not just give an Andy Warhol Foundation grant to Goldsmith and call it a day? ;o)

 

2nd Circuit delivers devastating blow to appropriationists

Images at issue.

We conclude … that all four factors favor [Lynn] Goldsmith and that [Warhol’s] Prince Series works are not fair use as a matter of law. We further conclude that the Prince Series works are substantially similar to the Goldsmith Photograph as a matter of law.

Here’s my take. The 2nd Cir ruled that if the secondary work serves the same purpose as the first, in our case, both as works of visual art, and if the dominant component of the copyrighted works remains in the secondary work, then there is no transformativeness.

This ruling is devastating to some art folk for at least three reasons. One, it makes clear that judges should not play art critic, i.e.- not read into the work, by which I mean not read into it with preconceived notions of who is and isn’t a successful artist, as well as what an artwork means given external sources.

Two, the opinion makes clear that so-called “conceptual appropriation art” is not in and of itself transformative. What do I mean by “conceptual appropriation art”? It’s an artwork where the secondary work remains both recognizably deriving from and retaining the essential elements of the copyrighted work, and where art theory and art criticism suffice to make the secondary use “critical.”

Presumably, under the 2nd Circuit, an artist copying a copyrighted photograph corner-to-corner and adding only a simple element to the secondary work would be infringing the copyright holder’s copyright, even if the appropriationist argued that the secondary work “critiqued post-techne notions of the decentered post-colonial subject through Kantian and Hegelian narratives of the oppressed individual(s) as woven through the capitalist fabric of the Pez dispenser and the National Football League.”

The final punch in the gut is to those who believe in what the court calls, “celebrity-plagiarist privilege,” where “the more established the artist and the more distinct that artist’s style, the greater leeway that artist would have to pilfer the creative labor of others.” The fame or non-fame of the pilferer is not an issue within fair use.

A major question art historians and artists will have to grapple with now, certainly in the New York artworld (within the 2nd Circuit’s jurisdiction), is whether conceptual appropriation art has run its course. According to the Second Circuit, it has.

Opinion here. Donn Zaretsky has his thoughts here.

 

What the hell are NFTs, and why is the art world crazy over them?

If you’re still lost as to what the fundamentals of NFTs are, I explain it here in an art & law essay from 2008, including how NFT’s are really not anything new but rather just another property right, albeit one that could revolutionize art.

 

Tom Lawson, artist and Dean of CalArts School of Art on Metro Pictures

After hearing that Metro Pictures gallery would close at the end of this year, I woke this morning thinking of an interview I did with artist and dean of the CalArts School of Arts, Tom Lawson, almost 15 years ago, which contains Lawson’s poignant thoughts on the origins of Metro Pictures.

 

Robert Indiana lawsuit on verge of being settled (for the most part)

More here.

 

“the law, as it currently stands, does not confer a property interest to the subject of a photograph regardless of how objectionable the photograph’s origins may be”

A Massachusetts judge has dismissed a lawsuit by a woman claiming that she, not Harvard University, is the rightful owner of haunting images of an enslaved father and daughter who she says were her ancestors.

More here.

 

Jeff Koons and Pompidou Lose Copyright Infringement Appeal

For those that are still in awe of copyright infringement cases, here’s an update on the Koons/Pompidou/Pig controversy. In brief, Koons and the Pompidou lost the appeal and won themselves an increase in monetary awards due to the photographer of the girl/pig image. As of this moment, Koons still displays the image of the pig and girl on his website.

 
 
Legal

Clancco, Clancco: The Source for Art & Law, Clancco.com, and Art & Law are trademarks owned by Sergio Muñoz Sarmiento. The views expressed on this site are those of Sergio Muñoz Sarmiento and of the artists and writers who submit to Clancco.com. They are not the views of any other organization, legal or otherwise. All content contained on or made available through Clancco.com is not intended to and does not constitute legal advice and no attorney-client relationship is formed, nor is anything submitted to Clancco.com treated as confidential.

Website Terms of Use, Privacy, and Applicable Law.
 

Switch to our mobile site