Friday, December 14, 2018


Personal property is a type of property. In the common law systems personal property may also be called chattel. It is distinguished from real property, or real estate. In the civil law systems personal property is often called movable property or movables – any property that can be moved from one location to another. This term is in distinction with immovable property, such as land and buildings.


A fixture is a chattel which by being incorporated or attached to the real estate becomes a permanent part of the realty. For example, a brick is a chattel, but this same brick being incorprated into a wall of a structure of habitation becomes part of the real property, and thus no longer personal property.

A CLANCCO sculpture is also a chattel, which will become a fixture when attached to the real estate, thus becoming part of the realty.


Lore has it that a few years ago a house was sold and one of its main features was a beautiful rose garden. It was sold in the summer when the roses were blooming at their best.

However, the home seller understood the law of fixtures. She had planted the beautiful rose bushes in large pots buried in the ground. The day of the sale closing, the seller’s gardener removed all the beautiful rose bush plants.


Needless to say, the buyer was shocked to find the bare former rose garden with lots of holes in the ground where the pots formerly rested.

Plants and trees growing in the ground are considered to be fixtures, which are included in the sale of real estate because they are attached to the ground by roots.


But the seller was entitled to remove those beautiful rose bushes, although they were quite large, because they were still in their large pots so the roots never legally became attached to the ground.


Why Filmmakers Need Release Forms

From The New York Post


April 19, 2007 — A former art teacher was bounced from one of the city school system’s so-called “rubber rooms” by cops yesterday after he began filming for a documentary inside without permission, police said.

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Santiago Sierra’s Proyecto Juárez Censored in Mexico

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How to Legally Steal Land

One of the least known and unconventional means of acquiring or losing land within the United States is through the legal doctrine of adverse possession. Adverse possession undermines all other traditional means of changing ownership of land: no contract exists, no money changes hands and title insurance will not cover the transaction. How is it possible to acquire legal title to another’s land, free of charge?

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Comic Books Explain Statutory Rape

According to the New York Times, Virginia public health officials are turning to fotonovelas, or comic books, to combat statutory rape. The comic book warns that sex between teenage girls and older men risks pregnancy or arrest.

The effort grew out of a 2004 rape-prevention campaign that emblazoned the question ”Isn’t she a little young?” on everything from billboards to napkins. To adapt that message for Hispanics, officials created a fotonovela, a type of Latino comic book featuring themes of love and betrayal.


Wikileaks: Cryptographic Document Leaking

According to its website, Wikileaks is an uncensorable version of Wikipedia for untraceable mass document leaking and analysis. It combines the protection and anonymity of cutting-edge cryptographic technologies with the transparency and simplicity of a wiki interface.”

Although the exact source of origin is unknown (it’s only point of reference is a 202 Washington, D.C. area code), theories now exist that Wikileaks is a CIA project.

The site adds: “Wikileaks is developing an uncensorable Wikipedia for untraceable mass document leaking and analysis. Our primary interests are oppressive regimes in Asia, the former Soviet bloc, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East, but we also expect to be of assistance to those in the west who wish to reveal unethical behavior in their own governments and corporations. We aim for maximum political impact; this means our interface is identical to Wikipedia and usable by non-technical people. We have received over 1.2 million documents so far from dissident communities and anonymous sources.”


Mexican Drug Cartels Battle It Out on YouTube

Reuters and The Register report that a bloody war between rival Mexican drug gangs has spilled onto YouTube where two competing cartels “taunt each other with blood-soaked slideshows and films of their murder victims.”

Reuters notes that on YouTube “one popular video shows a man being shot in the head” while a “stomach-churning series of photos shows another execution victim, his missing face a mangled mess of flesh”.

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